By Elizabeth Radicevic, Dietitian
Osteoarthritis affects older people and co-exists with ageing and obesity (e.g. Cardiovascular disease/Diabetes), poor vision and psychological problems (Anxiety, Depression).
The nutritional management of Osteoarthritis should take into consideration co-morbidities in addition to the joint disease itself. Obesity increases the risk for developing Osteoarthritis from conducted observational studies, therefore achieving or maintaining a healthy BMI is appropriate to prevent Osteoarthritis.
Data from clinical trials indicates that Glucosamine Sulfate may contribute to symptoms and disease progression in individuals with Osteoarthritis; however, the clinical impact of these changes is insignificant, and therefore does not warrant an overall recommendation for use.
On average, individuals should aim for an intake of antioxidants including Vitamins E & C and Beta Carotene based on dietary reference values. Individuals should be encouraged to follow healthy eating guidelines, including the consumption of dark green and orange vegetables, as well as orange fruit more often.
Dietitian’s are experienced at managing dietary requirements for those experiencing Osteoarthritis. Generally a multifaceted approach including dietary and exercise modification is most effective for management of this condition.